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Study on super-silenced DNA hints at new ways to reprogram cells
Newly described stretches of super-silenced DNA reveal a fresh approach to reprogram cell identity to use in regenerative medicine studies and one day in the clinic, according to a study in Molecular Cell last week by investigators from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. phys.org/news/2018-01-super...
Machine learning predicts new details of geothermal heat flux beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet
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A paper appearing in Geophysical Research Letters uses machine learning to craft an improved model for understanding geothermal heat flux—heat emanating from the Earth's interior—below the Greenland Ice Sheet. It's a research approach new to glaciology that could lead to more accurate predictions for ice-mass loss and global sea-level rise. phys.org/news/2018-01-machi...
Black hole spin cranks-up radio volume
Statistical analysis of supermassive black holes suggests that the spin of the black hole may play a role in the generation of powerful high-speed jets blasting radio waves and other radiation across the universe. phys.org/news/2018-01-black...
Weighing massive stars in nearby galaxy reveals excess of heavyweights
An international team of astronomers has revealed an 'astonishing' overabundance of massive stars in a neighbouring galaxy. phys.org/news/2018-01-massi...
California's water saving brings bonus effects
Water-saving measures in California have also led to substantial reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption in the state. phys.org/news/2018-01-calif...
GM seeks US approval for car with no steering wheel
General Motors is seeking approval from US regulators for an autonomous vehicle with no steering wheel or pedals, the automaker announced Friday. phys.org/news/2018-01-gm-ma...
Scientists develop graphene sensors that could revolutionise the Internet of Things
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Researchers at The University of Manchester have devised graphene sensors embedded into RFIDs, which have the potential to revolutionise the Internet of Things (IoT). phys.org/news/2018-01-scien...
In broadest view yet of world's low oxygen, scientists reveal dangers and solutions
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In the past 50 years, the amount of water in the open ocean with zero oxygen has gone up more than fourfold. In coastal water bodies, including estuaries and seas, low-oxygen sites have increased more than 10-fold since 1950. Scientists expect oxygen to continue dropping even outside these zones as Earth warms. phys.org/news/2018-01-broad...
Hijacker parasite blocked from infiltrating blood
A major international collaboration led by Melbourne researchers has discovered that the world's most widespread malaria parasite infects humans by hijacking a protein the body cannot live without. The researchers were then able to successfully develop antibodies that disabled the parasite from carrying out this activity. phys.org/news/2018-01-hijac...
New tool to assess largely ignored risk in pharmaceutical industry
A new method to test the likelihood of a drug turning into a potentially harmful version of itself when it enters the body has been developed by researchers at Cardiff University. phys.org/news/2018-01-tool-...