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What bacteria can teach us about combating atrazine contamination
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(American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology) Researchers at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization of Australia, or CSIRO, are interested in harnessing the bacterial ability to degrade atrazine in order to remediate atrazine-polluted environments. In a new research paper published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, a team from CSIRO and Australian National University describe previously unknown proteins involved in atrazine degradation. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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What happens if we run out?
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(North Carolina State University) What happens when pests resist all forms of herbicides and pesticides? To slow the evolutionary progression of weeds and insect pests gaining resistance to herbicides and pesticides, policymakers should provide resources for large-scale, landscape-level studies of a number of promising but untested approaches for slowing pest evolution. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Cocoa CRISPR: Gene editing shows promise for improving the 'chocolate tree'
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(Penn State) Use of the powerful gene-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9 could help to breed cacao trees that exhibit desirable traits such as enhanced resistance to diseases, according to Penn State plant scientists. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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AgriLife scientists uncover a new face of a famous protein, SWI2/SNF2 ATPase
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(Texas A&M AgriLife Communications) A team of Texas A&M and Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists now have a deeper understanding of a large switch/sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) protein complex that plays a pivotal role in plant and human gene expression that causes life-threatening diseases such as cancer. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Mixed forests: Ecologically and economically superior
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(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Mixed forests are more productive than monocultures. This is true on all five continents, and particularly in regions with high precipitation. These findings from an international overview study, in which the Technical University of Munich (TUM) participated, are highly relevant for forest science and forest management on a global scale. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Salk Institute's Joanne Chory awarded prestigious Gruber Prize
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(Salk Institute) Salk Institute scientist and professor Joanne Chory, one of the world's foremost plant biologists, who is now leading efforts to combat global warming with plant-based solutions, has been awarded a 2018 Gruber Genetics Prize by the Gruber Foundation. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Greenhouse gas 'feedback loop' discovered in freshwater lakes
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(University of Cambridge) Latest research finds plant debris in lake sediment affects methane emissions. The flourishing reed beds created by changing climates could threaten to double the already significant methane production of the world's northern lakes. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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CWD prions discovered in Wisconsin soils for the first time
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(University of Wisconsin-Madison) New research out of the University of Wisconsin-Madison has, for the first time, detected prions responsible for chronic wasting disease (CWD) in samples taken from sites where deer congregate. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Projecting climate change along the Millennium Silk Road in a warmer world
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(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) Scientists projected both mean and extreme climate changes using the ensemble mean of CMIP5 models over western China and central Asia. The comparison of mean and extreme climate changes under 1.5°C and 2°C global warming scenarios highlights the impacts that can be avoided by achieving global warming of half a degree lower. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Researcher studies importance of synchrony in ecological systems such as food webs
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(University of Kansas) LAWRENCE -- A new grant from the National Science Foundation enables an investigation of how populations in different places react to 'synchrony,' or changes in environmental factors (like temperature and rainfall) over time and space. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...