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98 New data unearths pesticide peril in beehives
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(Cornell University) Honeybees -- employed to pollinate crops during the blooming season -- encounter danger due to lingering and wandering pesticides, according to a new Cornell University study that analyzed the bee's own food. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
91 Tools for planning nature conservation in the European Union
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(University of Helsinki) Analysis methods based on spatial data can help estimate the success of European nature conservation programs.
For her doctoral dissertation, Aija Kukkala used Zonation, a conservation and land use planning software program developed at the University of Helsinki, and discovered that the EU's Natura 2000 network protects a reasonably broad variety of endangered animals. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
87 Barley genome sequenced
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(University of California - Riverside) Looking for a better beer or single malt Scotch whiskey? A team of researchers at the University of California, Riverside may have you covered. They are among a group of 77 scientists worldwide who have sequenced the complete genome of barley, a key ingredient in beer and single malt Scotch. The research, 10 years in the making, was just published in the journal Nature. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
82 UT Institute of Agriculture students win national dairy/food science competitions
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(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) A group of students at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture have won first place at the 95th Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation contest, held in mid-April in Madison, Wisconsin. Two of the student contestants, Michael Luethke, from Knoxville, and Katie Magee of Buffalo, New York, won the top undergraduate and graduate student awards, respectively. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
93 Cover crops may be used to mitigate and adapt to climate change
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(Penn State) Cover crops long have been touted for their ability to reduce erosion, fix atmospheric nitrogen, reduce nitrogen leaching and improve soil health, but they also may play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change on agriculture. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
85 A better way to manage phosphorus?
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(American Society of Agronomy) A new project proposes a restructured index to build on phosphorus management efforts in farm fields in New York state and beyond. The new index structure improves upon previous approaches. It focuses on the existing risk of phosphorus runoff from a field based on the location. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
84 Deciphering plant immunity against parasites
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(University of Bonn) Nematodes are a huge threat to agriculture since they parasitize important crops such as wheat, soybean, and banana; but plants can defend themselves. Researchers at Bonn University, together with collaborators from the Sainsbury Laboratory in Norwich, identified a protein that allows plants to recognize a chemical signal from the worm and initiate immune responses against the invaders. This discovery will help to develop crop plants that feature enhanced protectio... www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
83 How Venus flytrap triggers digestion
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(University of Würzburg) The Venus flytrap digests its prey using enzymes produced by special glands. For the first time, a research team has measured and meticulously analysed the glands' activity. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
81 Science fiction horror wriggles into reality with discovery of giant sulfur-powered shipworm
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(University of Utah Health) Our world seems to grow smaller by the day as biodiversity rapidly dwindles, but an international team of researchers discovered a never before studied giant, black, mud dwelling, worm-like animal. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
78 Sunflower seeds traced as source of toxic mold, potent liver carcinogen
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(Michigan State University) Michigan State University researchers have shown that sunflower seeds are frequently contaminated with a toxin produced by molds and pose an increased health risk in many low-income countries worldwide. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...