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Archeology

A community for people who have an interest in archaeological news, science, biblical discoveries and all things related to archeology. 

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Seven complete specimens of new flower, all 100 million years old
A Triceratops or Tyrannosaurus rex bulling its way through a pine forest likely dislodged flowers that 100 million years later have been identified in their fossilized form as a new species of tree.
George Poinar Jr., professor emeritus in Oregon State University's College of Science, said it's the first time seven complete flowers of this age have been reported in a single study. The flowers range from 3.4 to 5 millimeters in diameter, necessitating study under a microscope... read more
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Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa
Earlyindiano
The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. In a paper published August 17, 2017 in the journal PLOS ONE, an international team of researchers, led by Director Nicole Boivin of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, used new techniques to analyze ancient DNA and proteins from 496 bone samples from 22 island, coastal and inland sites in eastern Africa. The ... phys.org/news/2017-08-early...
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Secrets of the deep: Senegal's slave shipwreck detective
Underwaterar
Staring out to sea on a flawlessly sunny day, underwater archaeologist Ibrahima Thiaw visualises three shipwrecks once packed with slaves that now lie somewhere beneath Senegal's Atlantic waves. phys.org/news/2017-08-secre...
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Turkey bones may help trace fate of ancient cliff dwellers
Turkeybonesm
Researchers say they have found a new clue into the mysterious exodus of ancient cliff-dwelling people from the Mesa Verde area of Colorado more than 700 years ago: DNA from the bones of domesticated turkeys. phys.org/news/2017-08-turke...
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Dino-killing asteroid could have thrust Earth into two years of darkness
Tremendous amounts of soot, lofted into the air from global wildfires following a massive asteroid strike 66 million years ago, would have plunged Earth into darkness for nearly two years, new research finds. This would have shut down photosynthesis, drastically cooled the planet, and contributed to the mass extinction that marked the end of the age of dinosaurs.
www.sciencedaily.com/releas...
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Remarkable artistry hidden in ancient Roman painting revealed
Remarkablear
Molten lava, volcanic ash, modern grime, salt, humidity. The ancient painting of a Roman woman has been through it all, and it looks like it. Scientists now report that a new type of high-resolution X-ray technology is helping them discover just how stunning the original portrait once was, element-by-element. The technique could help conservators more precisely restore this image, as well as other ancient artworks. phys.org/news/2017-08-remar...
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Experiments cast doubt on theory of how Earth was formed
New geochemical research indicates that existing theories of the formation of the Earth may be mistaken. The results of experiments to show how zinc (Zn) relates to sulphur (S) under the conditions present at the time of the formation of the Earth more than 4 billion years ago, indicate that there is a substantial quantity of Zn in the Earth's core, whereas previously there had been thought to be none. This implies that the building blocks of the Earth must be different to what has been supposed... read more
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Mechanisms explaining positional diversity of the hindlimb in tetrapod evolution
Mechanismsex
In the evolution of tetrapods, the position of the hindlimb has diversified along with the vertebral formula, which is the number of small bones forming the vertebra. Tetrapods, as the name implies, are species that have four feet. However, this group also includes many other animals without four or any feet, such as snakes and birds. This is because tetrapods include all the organisms, living and extinct, that descended from the last common ancestor of amphibians, reptiles and mammals, even ... phys.org/news/2017-08-mecha...
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Analysis of Roman coins tells of Hannibal's defeat and Rome's rise
The defeat by the ancient Romans of Hannibal, despite the Carthaginian leader’s famous feat of marching his army – complete with war elephants – over the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy, also meant that the Romans captured the silver mines of the Iberian peninsula, bringing so much silver into the Roman empire that it can be traced through the coinage.
www.theguardian.com/science...?
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Archeologists uncover new economic history of ancient Rome
5 archeologist
Some of the mystery behind one of Sicily's largest ancient Roman villas is now solved thanks to a team of archeologists from the University of South Florida in Tampa, Fla. They're the first to successfully excavate the 5,000 square meter Roman villa of Durreueli at Realmonte, located off the southern coast of Sicily. phys.org/news/2017-08-arche...