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Agriculture (1078)

For people who have an interest in the latest agricultural practices, technology, techniques and related applications. 

98 New data unearths pesticide peril in beehives
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(Cornell University) Honeybees -- employed to pollinate crops during the blooming season -- encounter danger due to lingering and wandering pesticides, according to a new Cornell University study that analyzed the bee's own food. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
91 Tools for planning nature conservation in the European Union
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(University of Helsinki) Analysis methods based on spatial data can help estimate the success of European nature conservation programs.
For her doctoral dissertation, Aija Kukkala used Zonation, a conservation and land use planning software program developed at the University of Helsinki, and discovered that the EU's Natura 2000 network protects a reasonably broad variety of endangered animals. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
89 No biochar benefit for temperate zone crops, says new report
Scientists believe that biochar, the partially burned remains of plants, has been used as fertilizer for at least 2,000 years in the Amazon Basin. Since initial studies published several years ago promoted biochar, farmers around the world have been using it as a soil additive to increase fertility and crop yields. But a new study casts doubt on biochar's efficacy, finding that using it only improves crop growth in the tropics, with no yield benefit at all in the temperate zone. www.sciencedaily.com/releas...
89 Predicting the movement and impacts of microplastic pollution
(Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry) Microplastics, which are particles measuring less than 5 mm, are of increasing concern. They not only become more relevant as other plastic marine litter breaks down into tiny particles, they also interact with species in a range of marine habitats. A study in Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management takes a look at how global climate change and the impact of changing ocean circulation affects the distribution of marine micr... www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
88 Study of bacteria's DNA fingerprint suggests it could be spreading via food distribution
Foods should be investigated as a potential source of spread of Clostridium difficile, according to research. www.sciencedaily.com/releas...
85 'Unicorn' shipworm could reveal clues about human medicine and bacterial infections
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(Northeastern University) Northeastern professor Daniel Distel and his colleagues have discovered a dark slithering creature four feet long that dwells in the foul mud of a remote lagoon in the Philippines. They say studying the animal, a giant shipworm with pinkish siphons at one end and an eyeless head at the other, could add to our understanding of how bacteria cause infections and, in turn, how we might adapt to tolerate--and even benefit from--them. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
84 Barley genome sequenced
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(University of California - Riverside) Looking for a better beer or single malt Scotch whiskey? A team of researchers at the University of California, Riverside may have you covered. They are among a group of 77 scientists worldwide who have sequenced the complete genome of barley, a key ingredient in beer and single malt Scotch. The research, 10 years in the making, was just published in the journal Nature. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
82 UT Institute of Agriculture students win national dairy/food science competitions
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(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) A group of students at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture have won first place at the 95th Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation contest, held in mid-April in Madison, Wisconsin. Two of the student contestants, Michael Luethke, from Knoxville, and Katie Magee of Buffalo, New York, won the top undergraduate and graduate student awards, respectively. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
81 Plant protein may protect against type 2 diabetes, meat eaters at greater risk
A new study adds to the growing body of evidence indicating that the source of dietary protein may play a role in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers found that plant protein was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, while persons with a diet rich in meat had a higher risk. www.sciencedaily.com/releas...
80 Survey: Another good year for Chesapeake Bay's underwater grasses
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(Virginia Institute of Marine Science) An annual survey led by researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science shows the abundance of underwater grasses in Chesapeake Bay increased 8 percent between 2015 and 2016, continuing an upward trend initiated in 2012. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...