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Agriculture (1089)

For people who have an interest in the latest agricultural practices, technology, techniques and related applications. 

Fixing soybean's need for nitrogen
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(American Society of Agronomy) To make protein, soybean plants need a lot of nitrogen.Beneficial bacteria in root nodules typically assist. A new study shows it's possible to increase the number of soybean root nodules--and the bacteria that live there--to further increase crop yields. This could remove the need to apply additional nitrogen fertilizers. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
Regenerating soil can double corn farmers’ income - Anthropocene
Corn growing
Farming sustainably isn’t just good for the planet: if it’s done right it can double profits too, finds a new study published in PeerJ. www.anthropocenemagazine.or...
Coral reef experiment shows: Acidification from carbon dioxide slows growth
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(Carnegie Institution for Science) Ocean acidification will severely impair coral reef growth before the end of the century if carbon dioxide emissions continue unchecked. The paper represents the first ocean acidification experiment in which seawater was made artificially acidic by the addition of carbon dioxide and then allowed to flow across a natural coral reef community. The acidity of the seawater was increased to reflect end-of-century projections if carbon dioxide from greenhou... www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
Plants overcome hunger with the aid of autophagy
Researchers have found that plants activate autophagy in their leaf cells to derive amino acids that are used for survival under energy-starved 'hunger' conditions. The findings show that amino acid utilization in plants can be controlled by the manipulation of autophagy. www.sciencedaily.com/releas...
Self-driving robots collect water samples to create snapshots of ocean microbes
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(Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute) For the first time, scientists from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UH Mānoa) and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) will deploy a small fleet of long-range autonomous underwater vehicles (LRAUVs) that have the ability to collect and archive seawater samples automatically. These new robots will allow researchers to track and study ocean microbes in unprecedented detail. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
Chinese researchers discovered an agricultural miracle to feed the planet without destroying it
India funding agriculture
The work lays out how to increase crop yields, while decreasing the amount of nitrogen-rich fertilizer that's used. That has big implications for more more environmentally-sustainable farming. qz.com/1228061/chinas-agric...
Mowing the lawn less often improves bee habitat
New research suggests that homeowners can improve habitat for bees by mowing the lawn less often. www.sciencedaily.com/releas...
Ultra-white coating modelled on beetle scales
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(University of Cambridge) Researchers have developed a super-thin, non-toxic, lightweight, edible ultra-white coating that could be used to make brighter paints and coatings, for use in the cosmetic, food or pharmaceutical industries. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
Plants faring worse than monkeys in increasingly patchy forests of Costa Rica
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(University of Toronto) A University of Toronto-led study shows that cattle ranching, agriculture and other human activities breaking up Costa Rican forests into isolated patchy fragments, are causing more problems for native plant populations than for monkey species sharing the same habitat. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
Crabs in your computer
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(GigaScience) A study published in GigaScience provides three-dimensional visual data from hermit crabs using 3-D microCT scanning technology. The authors not only describe the data, they also provide downloadable, interactive files of everything in this study, allowing everyone to use and manipulate the data. They even include interactive web-based viewers and 3-D printable file formats. Making this complex data publicly available, allows researchers cost-efficient options for examini... www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...