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Agriculture (1082)

For people who have an interest in the latest agricultural practices, technology, techniques and related applications. 

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Scientists identify two new proteins connected to plant development
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(Texas A&M AgriLife Communications) The discovery of two new proteins could lead to better ways to regulate plant structure and the ability to resist crop stresses such as drought, thus improving agriculture productivity. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Nation's beekeepers lost 33 percent of bees in 2016-17
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(University of Maryland) Beekeepers across the United States lost 33 percent of their honey bee colonies during the year spanning April 2016 to April 2017, according to the latest preliminary results of an annual nationwide survey. Rates of both winter loss and summer loss -- and consequently, total annual losses -- improved compared with last year. Winter losses were the lowest recorded since the survey began in 2006-07. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Fall calving season may yield higher returns for southeastern beef producers
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(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) Using simulation models based on 19 years of data, University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture researchers determined that for Southeastern beef cattle producers the fall calving season, calving between mid-September and mid-November, was most profitable and had the smallest amount of variation in profits, meaning fall calving was less risky as compared to spring calving. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Sowing new seeds of knowledge about the drivers of plant diversity
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(University of Queensland) A new study of Australian wildflower communities is improving understanding of how climatic stress controls plant diversity, based on the strategies different species use to survive, grow and reproduce."Plant diversity tends to be lower in more stressful environments," says University of Queensland School of Biological Sciences' lecturer, and CSIRO researcher, Dr John Dwyer www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Scientists develop new device to overcome pig genome flaw
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(University of Kent) Scientists at the University of Kent, working with colleagues from the genetics research industry, have developed a new genetic screening device and protocol that helps pig breeding.Through her work, Dr. Rebecca O'Connor in the School of Biosciences, found previously undiscovered, fundamental flaws in the pig genome, the results of which have contributed to improved mapping of the pig genome. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Researchers find conflicting effects of climate, vector behavior on spread of plant disease
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(American Phytopathological Society) To better understand the effects of climate change on agroecosystems, researchers Daugherty, Zeilinger, and Almeida conducted one of the first transdisciplinary studies on the effects of temperature change, leafhopper vector behavior, and the spread of Pierce's disease on grapevines. The results, published in Phytobiomes, show that, although a warming climate may exacerbate disease symptoms in infected grapevines, innate vector behavior may set an u... www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Food is not just the sum of its nutrients
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(Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen) The nutritional value of a food should be evaluated on the basis of the foodstuff as a whole, and not as an effect of the individual nutrients. This is the conclusion of an international expert panel of epidemiologists, physicians, food and nutrition scientists and brought together by the University of Copenhagen and University of Reading. Their conclusion reshapes our understanding of the importance of nutrients and their interaction. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Researchers team up to create tech solutions for clean food and water
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(Simon Fraser University) Researchers at Simon Fraser University and Kwantlen Polytechnic University are teaming up to develop sustainable clean-tech solutions that will provide potable water and clean food globally, in areas challenged by climate change and fast-growing populations. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Reduced US air pollution will boost rainfall in Africa's Sahel, says study
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(The Earth Institute at Columbia University) Falling sulfur dioxide emissions in the United States are expected to substantially increase rainfall in Africa's semi-arid Sahel, while bringing slightly more rain to much of the US, according to a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Blue and purple corn: Not just for tortilla chips anymore
Consumers today insist on all-natural everything, and food dyes are no exception. Even if food manufacturers are willing to make the change, current sources of natural dyes are expensive and hard to come by. Now, a large University of Illinois project is filling the gap with colored corn. www.sciencedaily.com/releas...