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Agriculture (1085)

For people who have an interest in the latest agricultural practices, technology, techniques and related applications. 

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Amphibians can become tolerant to pesticides, but at a cost
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(Binghamton University) Amphibians can develop tolerance to pesticides, but this tolerance can lead to increased susceptibility to parasites, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Nesting aids make agricultural fields attractive for bees
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(University of Würzburg) Wild bees are important pollinators of many crop plants - sometimes they are even more efficient than honeybees. Their numbers can be increased sustainably using simple means as a recent study has found. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Decoding ants' coat of many odors
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(Vanderbilt University) Biologists report a major advance in deciphering the molecular genetics underlying the ant's high-definition sense of smell, an ability that has allowed them to create the most complicated social organization on earth next to humans. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Synchrotron light used to show human domestication of seeds from 2000 BC
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(Diamond Light Source) Scientists from UCL have used the UK's synchrotron facility, Diamond Light Source, to document for the first time the rate of evolution of seed coat thinning, a major marker of crop domestication, from archaeological remains. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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How humans transformed wild wheat into its modern counterpart
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(American Association for the Advancement of Science) A sophisticated sequencing study reveals genetic changes that emerged in wheat as it became domesticated by agricultural societies in the Fertile Crescent, roughly 10,000 years ago. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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'Plant cinema' shows the flow of energy
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(University of Bonn) Nothing works without fuel: plants also depend on fuel for growth and development. In living organisms, fuel comes as the universal energy currency adenosine triphosphate (ATP). An international team of researchers led by the University of Bonn shows how ATP behaves in the different parts of living seedlings and the impact of stress on their fuel status. The results could inform breeding of more resistant crop varieties. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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One of worst droughts in decades devastates South Europe crops
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Italian durum wheat and dairy farmer Attilio Tocchi saw warning signs during the winter of the dramatic drought to come at his holding a mile away from the Tuscan coast. uk.reuters.com/article/us-e...
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Scientists unlock planthoppers' potential to control future crop disease outbreaks
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(eLife ) Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of Zoology have discovered how a severe rice virus reproduces inside the small brown planthopper, a major carrier of the virus. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Study: Health insurance costs threaten farm viability
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(University of Vermont) A new USDA funded study found that 64 percent of American farmers have preexisting conditions. Lack of access to affordable health insurance is a major worry and a significant risk factor for farmers, the study found. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...
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Sea shells for sale: A new source of sustainable biomaterials
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(Society for Experimental Biology) Over 7 million tonnes of mollusc shells are discarded by the seafood industry each year as unwanted waste -- and the vast majority of these shells are either thrown in landfills or dumped at sea. Dr. James Morris and a team of CACHE researchers from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences are looking at environmentally and economically sustainable options for these biomaterials. www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele...